This is four short questionnaires together: Adverse Early Experiences, Adverse Childhood Experiences, Resiliency Score and a Pre and Perinatal Resiliency Score.  

The ACEs and the Resiliency Score are familiar to many.  The ACEs study was developed in the 1990s by Kaiser Permanente and it correlates overwhelming experiences in childhood with health conditions as adults. There are 10 types of childhood trauma measured in the ACE Study. Five are personal — physical abuse, verbal abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, and emotional neglect. Five are related to other family members: a parent who’s an alcoholic, a mother who’s a victim of domestic violence, a family member in jail, a family member diagnosed with a mental illness, and the disappearance of a parent through divorce, death or abandonment. In the questionnaire, each type of trauma you experienced as a child counts as "one."

The Adverse Early Experiences Score is drawn from decades of research and practice in the field of prenatal and perinatal psychology. The issues highlighted here are often foundational to the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study and contribute to later physical and mental disorders.  We are seeking to establish links to ACES, Resiliency scores, and to health issues later on life.    

The Resiliency scores represent protective experiences from early life. The first Resiliency questionnaire was developed by the early childhood service providers, pediatricians, psychologists, and health advocates of Southern Kennebec Healthy Start, Augusta, Maine, in 2006, and updated in February 2013. Two psychologists in the group, Mark Rains and Kate McClinn, came up with the 14 statements with editing suggestions by the other members of the group. The scoring system was modeled after the ACE Study questions. The content of the questions was based on a number of research studies from the literature over the past 40 years including that of Emmy Werner and others. Its purpose is limited to parenting education. It was not developed for research.    

The second questionnaire was developed by Kate White and Marti Glenn, and is based on therapeutic strategies when working with early trauma.

Your participation in voluntary. These scores will be anonymous; no one will connect the answers with your email or computer address.  They are not prescriptive or are to be used instead of treatment but can be part of a healthy approach to promote consciousness and resiliency.  For more information on this project email

See: Don’t miss this 15-minute Ted Talk: Nadine Burke Harris, MD, Pediatrician - How Childhood Trauma Affects Health Across a Lifetime    
The score is the sum of "yes" answers for 1 and ½ point for “not sure” answers. For interpretation, see the ACES explanations. The higher the score, the greater the chance for challenges to health.  Yet, be sure to take the resilience questionnaire, too.  We are working with a model that supports positive growth and gifts from challenges.

Were you unwanted? Did your mother have active thoughts of ending the pregnancy? Did she attempt to end the pregnancy? Have you heard stories of how she hated being pregnant?

Were you conceived through ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology)?

Were you a survivor of multiples in which one or more of your siblings was miscarried or “reduced” if connected to ART?

Did your mother experience on going or periods of elevated anxiety and / or depression, or other mental illness or mood disorder?

Did your mother smoke cigarettes or consume alcohol or other harmful  substances during pregnancy?

Was your mother subjected to domestic violence (yelling, fighting, physical abuse) during pregnancy?

Did your mother experience the loss of your father or the death of a close family member during pregnancy or the first year of life?

Did your mother lose a child or experience one or more miscarriages prior to your birth?

Was your birth considered long, unusual or traumatic? (Caesarian section, forceps, vacuum extraction, mother unconscious, very fast, breech, other complications)

Did you spend time in the neonatal intensive care unit following your birth?

Were you separated from your mother for an extended period of time after birth or during the first year? (This includes adoption, hospitalization, being left with a caregiver for an extended period of time as a baby. It can include being in the nursery for the days after birth in the hospital)

Did you have a surgery during your first year of life such as circumcision, heart surgery, or tongue tie clip?

Were you hospitalized for any reason during the first year?

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Now please take the ACE Questionnaire
ACE Questionnaire
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